Deskripsi,  Eksposisi

Wudang Mountain Taoism-Taichi

武当山道家 & 太极

Overview of Wudang Mountain

  • “Mt. Wudang area is certainly one of the most beautiful areas in the world because it combines ancient wisdom, historic architecture and natural beauty.“ —Kaosia, expert of the UNESCO
  • “The great past of China is still solid in Mountain Wudang.“ —Sumimtardia, expert of the UNESCO
  • “The paradise in the world and occupied a more prominent position than the other five national famed mountains.“ —Yang Tingbao, Vice-chairman of the World Architect Association

simplified Chinese: 武当山; traditional Chinese: 武當山; pinyin: Wǔdāng Shān

The Wudang Mountains has a really beautiful place consisting of a mountain range in the northwestern part of Hubei, China, just south of Shiyan City. Wudang is one of those place that exists in the myths and legends of China as well as for real.

Wudang Mountain is home to a famous complex of Taoist temples and monasteries associated with the God Xuanwu.

The Wudang Mountains are renowned for the practice of Tai chi and Taoism, which is affiliated with Chinese Chán Buddhism.

The Wudang Mountains are one of the “Four Sacred Mountains of Taoism” in China, an important destination for Taoist pilgrimages.

Wudang Mountain has five (5) definitions based on their functions, that are 1)Mountain, 2)Religious Site, 3)World Heritage Site, 4)National Geo-Park, 5)Cultural & Historical Site.

1. Mountain

  • The Wudang mountain covers an area of 300 square kilometers, it has Natural beauty, characteristic in mystery and intangibility, so it has several main tourist attractions, to sightsee the various appealing sceneries in every season. We could see the 72 uprising peaks standing irregularly but elegant with lush old trees, 24 turbulent ravines, 10 strange stones and 9 platforms, we would be amazed at the so excellent skill of nature.
  • Wudang Mountain is famous for its perfect combination of natural and cultural scenery, it’s surrounded by clouds frequently, the changeable weather.
  • The spring flowers emitting refreshing fragrance, summer emerald forest and cool crystal clear spring for retreating from the summer heat

2. Religious Site

  • Wudang Mountain has already been an important site for religious activities from the Spring and Autumn Period (770 BC-476 BC) to the end of Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD) in ancient China.

3. World Heritage Site

  • Wudang Mountain is now a large tourist scenic area to marvel at the reputable ancient building complex. Over 5000 valuable cultural relics and ancient building complex
  • Its excellent ancient building complex and natural views attract world tourists to visit.

4. National Geo-Park

  • It also has won the most beautiful “National Geopark”, which is contributed by its profound culture and history, brilliant constructions and rich numbers of   essences to see.

5. Cultural & Historical Site

  • Wudang Mountain has been listed as the “World Natural and Cultural Heritage Site” by the UNESCO in 1994, and one of the “Top 10 Chinese Tourist Areas Favored by Europeans”.
  • Wudang Mount. shows completely the wisdom and effort of human being and beauty of architecture.

Relationship of Wudang Mountain and Taoism-Tai Chi

”Tai Chi and Taoism are therefore inexorably linked together”

1. Taoism

  • Tao: “path” or “way”, (other opinion, Tao is religion),
  • Taoism is an ancient philosophy indigenous to China, as guiding principle behind TaiChi
  • Taoism is based on the teachings of Lao Tzu contained in the Tao Te Ching.
  • Lao Tzu was a wise man who lived in the city of Chengzhou.
  • Taoism relates to: ›harmony, ›unity, ›complementary  forces (Yin and Yang) and naturalness, ›simplicity, ›lack of selfishness, and ›detachment from desires.
  • Taoism always seeks harmony and believes that everything is made of energy. What we know “qi”. They believe that the energy needs to move constantly and that blocked qi causes illness.

2. Taichi / Tai Chi Chuan

  • The Mandarin term “t’ai chi ch’uan” literally translates as “supreme ultimate fist” or “boundless fist” – it also is sometimes translated as “ultimate martial arts‘.
  • The famous Tai Chi also called shadowboxing, Eight Diagrams Palm, Xing Yi Quan
  • The concept of the “supreme ultimate” appears in both Taoist and Confucian Chinese philosophy where it represents the fusion of Yin and Yang into a single ultimate represented by the Taiji symbol (Yin-Yang diagram).
  • Tai Chi Chuan is therefore said to be a study of yin (receptive, yielding) and yang (active, expanding) – finding balance within constant change.
  • The History of Tai Chi Chuan spans over 2000 years and it is a China’s precious intangible cultural heritage.
  • The practice here is really Wudang Kungfu, not Tai Chi, but its also an internal martial art and some of the forms are called ‘Tai Chi’.
  • Tai Chi has spread worldwide and been practiced by many exercisers to create an overall well-being and improve physical health. The result being better health, both internal and external.
  • Tai Chi draws upon the Taoist principles of yielding, softness, slowness, balance, and rootedness in its movements in both the health and martial applications.

So, the conclusions of their relationship are:
1.No. 1 Taoist Mountain in China
2.Wudang Mountain is birthplace of Tai Chi.
3.The most original cradle of Tai Chi
4.Wudang Mountain is a key school of Chinese Taoism



Muhammad Budi

Hello, My name is Muhammad Budi, I am a person who still provide my experiences and knowledge to people through a writing by this web. Right now, I am a student of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing at Wuhan University, Wuhan, China, and have hobbies such as nature and environment exploration, outdoor sports, and all of these I write down in this web. Please contact me if you need some information or else.. Thank You

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